Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, DL, FRS, Hon. RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician, best known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. Widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century, he served as Prime Minister twice (1940–45 and 1951–55). A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature and was the first person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States.
Churchill was born into an aristocratic family, and was the grandson of the 7th Duke of Marlborough. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jennie Jerome, was an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, the Sudan, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and wrote books about his campaigns.
At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He then briefly resumed active army service on the Western Front as commander of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air. After the War, Churchill served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative (Baldwin) government of 1924–29, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. Also controversial was his opposition to increased home rule for India and his resistance to the 1936 abdication of Edward VIII.
Out of office and politically "in the wilderness" during the 1930s, Churchill took the lead in warning about Nazi Germany and in campaigning for rearmament. On the outbreak of the Second World War, he was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, Churchill became Prime Minister. His steadfast refusal to consider defeat, surrender, or a compromise peace helped inspire British resistance, especially during the difficult early days of the War when Britain stood alone in its active opposition to Adolf Hitler. Churchill was particularly noted for his speeches and radio broadcasts, which helped inspire the British people. He led Britain as Prime Minister until victory over Nazi Germany had been secured.
After the Conservative Party lost the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition to the Labour (Attlee) government. After winning the 1951 election, he again became Prime Minister, before retiring in 1955. Upon his death, Elizabeth II granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of world statesmen in history. Named the Greatest Briton of all time in a 2002 poll, Churchill is widely regarded as being among the most influential people in British history.
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Documentary Episodes that cover Winston Churchill

Distant War

The World at War: Distant War

While Germany and the Soviet Union are busy carving up Poland, Britain enters the phony war. Chamberlain is priminister and reluctant to enter any real conflict. Slowly Britain enters the war by invading Nazi occupied Finland in a sloppy and ineffective campaign. Following the return of the British troops from Finland Chamberlain is asked to step down as Priminister and Churchill, originally First Lord of the Admiralty, becomes the British Priminister.

Movies that include Winston Churchill

Into the Storm

Into the Storm

Churchill is made Prime Minister on the same day as Hitler begins attacking the West. The evacuation of Dunkirk is being planned, and Churchill rejects the idea of negotiating with Hitler. With a disastrous start to the war Churchill has the weight of the world on his shoulders. He wants to go with the troops as they storm the beaches of Normandy on D-Day, but the King talks him out of it. Even when the war is going in the favour of the Allies Churchill feels the burden of killing many soldiers and civilians. After the war is won Churchill has the stress of the re-election, and takes it personally when he is not re-elected.
The Gathering Storm

The Gathering Storm

Churchill, currently a member of the Tory party, is frustrated about the rate at which Hitler's war machine is being built. Churchill manages to get hold of some figures that describe the size of Hitler's rapidly building military force, but Ralph Wigram has to break the law to obtaining them. Churchill uses the information he gets from Wigram to urge an increase in British defences, but faces opposition from many including the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin.

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