Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944), popularly known as the Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs, listen (help·info)), was a German Field Marshal of World War II. He won the respect of both his own troops and the enemies he fought.
Rommel was a highly decorated officer in World War I and was awarded the Pour le Mérite for his exploits on the Italian front. In World War II, he further distinguished himself as the commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the 1940 invasion of France. His leadership of German and Italian forces in the North African campaign established him as one of the most able commanders of the war, and earned him the appellation of the Desert Fox. He is regarded one of the most skilled commanders of desert warfare in the conflict. He later commanded the German forces opposing the Allied cross-channel invasion in Normandy. His assignments never took him to the Eastern Front.
Rommel is regarded as having been a humane and professional officer. His Afrikakorps was never accused of war crimes. Soldiers captured during his Africa campaign were reported to have been treated humanely. Orders to kill Jewish soldiers, civilians and captured commandos were ignored.
Late in the war, Rommel was linked to the conspiracy to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Since Rommel was a national hero, Hitler wanted to eliminate him quietly. He forced Rommel to agree to commit suicide with a cyanide pill, in return for assurances that Rommel's family would not be persecuted following his death.Read more at Wikipedia
Movies that include Erwin Rommel
In command of German forces in North Africa, Rommel excels in applying the blitzkrieg attack methods. Eventually North Africa is taken by Allied forces and Rommel is assigned to prepare the defenses of the Atlantic Wall. Rommel is continuously baffled by and questions his Furher's commands. He is approached and asked to join a group of Germans that are plotting to remove Hitler from power. He eventually joins the group. When an assassination attempt on Hitler fails Rommel is charged with treason, and is persuaded to commit suicide.